186 Midterm 3 Study Guide Spring 2019

Chapter 8

  1. give workers a voice in matters that affect their lives
  2. prohibits discrimination based on race, creed, nationality, sex or age
  3. dismissal for cause (theft, breaking confidence)
  4. Employers may dismiss their workers for good cause, no cause, or even a cause morally wrong, without being guilty of legal wrong.
  5. protects public employees from dismissal except for cause
  6. Agreements between employers and unions sometimes result in discrimination against nonunion employees.
  7. protect employees from unjust dismissal
  8. protect workers from abuses of power at the hands of employers
  9. Workers’ freedom is infringed upon when they are forced to join a union or pay union dues.
  10. dismissal for lack of available work (may be recalled)
  11. permanent elimination of a job
  12. In the past, the man has been first. In the future, the system must be first.
  13. dismissal for poor performance
  14. length of time on the job
  15. showing favoritism to relatives and friends when hiring or promoting
  16. promoting from within
  17. prohibited firing workers because of union membership or union activities


Chapter 10 (does not apply to Section 4/1:30 Class)

  1. The use of significant facts that have not yet been made public and are likely to affect stock prices.
  2. provides fines and prison sentences for companies involved in bribing overseas officials
  3. polices the stock market to insure honesty and promote investor confidence
  4. percentage payment to a person able to influence or control a source of income
  5. payment for performing an act that this inconsistent with one’s work contract or company expectations
  6. legal devices to ensure that no one else may use the information for the life of the instrument
  7. information which gives an advantage to those who know it over those who do not
  8. employee act of informing the public about the illegal or immoral behavior of an employer or organization
  9. arise when an employee has private interests that are substantial enough to interfere with their job duties


Chapter 11

  1. Since acts that do not discriminate result in less harm than those that do, discrimination is wrong.
  2. prohibits all forms of discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, or national origin
  3. Making an adverse decision regarding an employee or a job applicant based on his or her membership in a certain group.
  4. aimed at wage discrimination against women, and guaranteed the right to equal pay for equal work
  5. Federal contractors should “take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed without regard to race, creed, color or national origin.
  6. Supreme Court decided that racially segregated schooling is unconstitutional
  7. Supreme Court’s first major ruling on affirmative action
  8. Women, desiring flexible schedules and less taxing jobs, have freely chosen lower-paying occupations and are not entitled to any redistribution in pay scales.
  9. special efforts to ensure equal opportunity for members of groups that had been subject to discrimination
  10. It injures white men and violates their rights.
  11. It is necessary to break the cycle keeping minorities and women locked into low-paying, low- prestige jobs.
  12. It is necessary to permit fairer competition
  13. We need to do something to “help repair the wrongs of the past.”
  14. Behavior of a sexual nature that is distressing to women and interferes with their ability to perform their jobs, even when the behavior is not an attempt to pressure the woman for sexual favors.
  15. If one attempted to universalize a maxim advocating discrimination, the resulting maxim would violate the categorical imperative
  16. definite preference for members of protected groups in determining access to positions from which they were formerly excluded
  17. Jobs should be objectively evaluated in terms of the education, skills, and experience required and in terms of responsibilities, working conditions, and other relevant factors.
  18. It violates the principle of equality.
  19. Occurs when a supervisor makes an employee’s employment opportunities conditional on the employee’s entering into a sexual relationship with, or granting sexual favors to, the supervisor.
  20. Nondiscrimination will achieve our social goals